When you buy a wood-fired oven, you need to understand how it works and why it works so well when you cook gourmet food. The goal is to prepare the oven so that it heats up evenly. There needs to be enough heat stored so that it is evenly released while you are cooking. When you cook food, the oven uses three kinds of heat that are stored while the oven heats up.
• Conductive Heat: Conductive heat is transferred using the fire bricks in the cooking base.
• Radiant Heat: Radiant heat is release into in the refractory dome.
• Convection Heat: Convention heat is created when the fire, the chimney drawing action, and the fresh air are combined. The fresh air comes in when you open and close the door. This combination will circulate inside the dome. This allows you to pre-heat the oven to your desired temperature and allowing it to cool to the desired temperature. It typically takes an hour to pre-heat the oven, however, the exact amount of time would depend on the size of the oven and the type of wood that you are using to heat it.
How To Light Your Wood Fired Oven
When heating your oven, you should only use dry, seasoned wood. It should be clean and free of glue, chemicals, and paint. It is best to use softwood to start the fire because it burns faster and it is easy to light. Pine is a great option. You should then start using hardwood to keep it going.
Hardwood produces dense heat and it stays lit for a longer period of time. You should use kindling wood to start your fire. The optimal kindling size is between 200mm and 300mm. Also, it should be no thicker than your pinky finger. If you use small logs, you can maintain fire and you won’t need to worry about opening the door again and again.
Lighting the Fire-Basic Rules That You Should Know:
When you are firing, the door should be left open a bit. To get the initial fire going, you can use either balled up newspaper or fire starters. The easiest way to make a fire is to do so on a pizza paddle. Next, put it in the center of the oven to light it. When the fire is going, you can add hardwood. When the fire starts going strong, the inside will turn black due to the smoke and the wood resin.
You should notice that the dome will turn gray when the temperature inside reaches 350 degrees Celsius. As the fire gets hotter the entire interior of the oven will turn gray. When you notice that ¾ of the inside of the oven is gray, you can spread the embers and the ash around the bottom of the oven using an oven brush.
To determine if the floor of the oven is hot enough, all you need is a handful of flour. If the flour catches fire instantly or if it burns in 10 seconds, the floor is too hot and you will burn your pizza crust. To reduce the temperature, you can remove some of the embers with a shovel. If the oven is at the ideal temperature, the flour will turn brown within 10 seconds.
Caring For Your Wood Fired Pizza Oven
It is important that the cooking base doesn’t get wet. When you are not using the oven, you should keep a cap on the flue and make sure that the door is closed. When the temperature in the oven is high enough, it acts as a self-cleaner. The heat will burn off all the grease, spilled food, bugs, and bacteria. When this debris is moved from the sides and the bottom, you should use a wire brush to get it out of the oven.
How To Reduce the Amount Of Smoke In Your Wood Oven Chimney
The wood has a lot to do with the amount of smoke in the wood oven chimney. You should only use quality wood, and it should remain covered in a dry, well-ventilated area. You should never burn green wood, wet wood, or wood that has been treated. These types of wood will generate 50 percent less heat and will create more smoke. You should only burn seasoned wood that has been drying for 6 to 12 months. It should have no more than 20 percent moisture. You should only burn wood. Burning rubber, trash, charcoal, coal, paint, plastic, solvents, and treated wood should always be avoided.
Before you load more wood, you should make sure that the initial fire is burning as hot as possible. To create a hot fire quickly, be sure to use plenty of kindling or paper. If the fire is clean and efficient, you will see red-hot embers and bright swirling flames. If it is hot enough, there won’t be much smoke.
Be sure not to put too many large logs in the oven. You should add small pieces gradually. If the logs are too large, you risk smothering the fire. This will create too much smoke. Smaller logs are better. When your flame is burning brightly, you should only see smoke for the first few minutes.
THINK Pizza has mobile wood-fired pizza ovens, dough, topping, and drinks. You can even get coffee. This is a great idea for your next event or party. If you want to host an event where you can serve your guests wood-fired pizza, THINK Pizza has everything you need.